Responding to persistently high unemployment figures and criticism that the stimulus was not worth its historic price tag, the president argued his recovery plan was on track. But his fresh promises were largely political theater: The jobs goal was set a month ago, and the list of projects Obama announced was already in the pipeline.
Surrounded by his Cabinet, Obama emphasized what has become a dominant issue of public concern — an economy that keeps bleeding jobs — on the day after returning from a week of diplomacy and sightseeing in the Middle East and Europe.
He concentrated on the billions of dollars from a taxpayer-funded plan that will be disbursed this summer, spurring new debate about just how much the $787 billion stimulus plan is helping.
"We've done more than ever, faster than ever, more responsibly than ever, to get the gears of the economy moving again," Obama said. Based on the work done across a broad spectrum of federal agencies during the first 100 days of the administration, the president said, "we're in a position to really accelerate."
But at the same time, he said he was not happy with the progress made so far and pressed his Cabinet to keep at it.
He said he was pleased the economy lost fewer jobs in May than experts anticipated, asserting that was a sign things were moving in the right direction. But he said the 345,000 losses were still too many, and he cautioned bluntly that "we're still in the middle of a very deep recession" and "it's going to take a considerable amount of time for us to pull out."
The jobs initiative under the stimulus law covers an array of public works ranging from parks and wastewater projects to improvements at military facilities, airports and veterans medical centers.
The ramp-up is not surprising; the administration has always viewed the summer as a peak for stimulus spending, as better weather permits more public works construction and federal agencies have processed more requests.
Republicans remain critical of the stimulus spending, slamming it as a big government program that ultimately will do little for recovery.
Said Obama: "Our ultimate goal is making sure that the average family out there, mom working, dad working — that they are able to pay their bills, feel some job security, make their mortgage payments."
The sheer enormity of the spending plan and its long-term costs to the public have raised concern for many Americans and given Republicans a foothold.
A recent Associated Press-GfK poll found that 41 percent of those surveyed disapproved of Obama's handling of the deficit, his highest disapproval rating on any subject polled. Other surveys show that the public is particularly attuned to government spending and the amount of red ink in the budget.
Without naming names, Obama shot back at skeptics during the Cabinet meeting.
"I know that they are some who, despite all evidence to the contrary, still don't believe in the necessity and promise of this recovery," Obama said. "And I would suggest to them that they talk to the companies who, because of this plan, scrapped the idea of laying off employees and in fact decided to hire employees. Tell that to the Americans who received that unexpected call saying, 'Come back to work.'"
The White House announced a Web site,whitehouse.gov/recovery, to allow people to share stories and videos of projects in their towns.
Just how much of an impact Obama's recovery program had on the pace of job losses is up for debate.
Obama has claimed as many as 150,000 jobs saved or created by his stimulus plan so far, even as government reports have shown the economy has lost more than 1.6 million jobs since Congress approved funding for the program in February.
Obama initially offered his stimulus plan as a way to put people back to work, a promise that 3.5 million jobs would be saved or created. The administration's predictions that unemployment would rise no higher than 8 percent already have been shattered.