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Crime rate in Columbia relatively flat since 2001

Monday, March 29, 2010 | 12:01 a.m. CDT; updated 9:03 a.m. CDT, Monday, March 29, 2010

COLUMBIA — Crime has been a divisive topic in campaign rhetoric leading up to the April 6 municipal election. An initiative on the ballot, Proposition 1, would place surveillance cameras downtown and has helped push crime to the forefront of community discussion.

Candidates for mayor and for two seats on the Columbia City Council have made differing claims about the state of crime in the city. Some say crime is up; others say that's not necessarily the case.

So what is the true state of criminal activity in Columbia?

The Missouri Highway Patrol collects data from every city in the state as part of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program. The figures in the database are based on incident and arrest reports. The Missourian analyzed data between 2001 and 2009 and adjusted the numbers to reflect population growth.

Adjusted for population, violent crime was up 25 percent between 2008 and 2009, while property crime was down 2.6 percent. However, the overall trend between 2001 and 2009 shows that crime has remained more or less flat. Population numbers are not yet available for 2009; the population figure used for that year is based on the average rate of growth between 2001 and 2008.

Violent crime includes murder, rape, armed robbery and aggravated assault. Property crime includes burglary, theft, auto theft and arson.

Some relevant figures:

  • In 2001, the rate of violent crime was actually higher in Columbia than it is now. When adjusted for population, the city saw 50.7 violent crimes for every 10,000 residents in 2001 compared to 48.8 in 2009.
  • Violent crime peaked in 2007 with 62.4 violent crimes committed for every 10,000 people.
  • Violent crime fell 37.6 percent between 2007 and 2008.
  • 2001 was the highest year for property crime, with 419.7 crimes per 10,000 people.
  • The average yearly violent crime rate between 2001 and 2009 was 48.9 per 10,000 people.
  • The average yearly property crime rate for the period was 374.8 per 10,000 people.
  • 2009 saw 501 violent crimes and 4,075 property crimes in Columbia.
  • The average yearly number of violent crimes between 2001 and 2009 was 461. The average number of property crimes was 3,529.

What the candidates have said:

MAYORAL RACE

Bob McDavid: In an interview with the Missourian, McDavid claimed a 30 percent increase in violent crime for 2009. He is the only mayoral candidate to endorse surveillance cameras downtown. A message on the front page of his Web site puts the issue front and center.

"Columbia residents don’t feel as safe in their homes or in downtown as they did 10 years, 5 years or 2 years ago," he says on the site. "I want to talk candidly about crime and how to prevent it. I support Proposition 1 for the addition of safety cameras downtown."

Jerry Wade: In an interview with the Missourian, Wade said he thinks police should focus on enforcement in neighborhoods. Wade opposes placing cameras downtown because it would lock police resources into a particular area.

"That means that we are telling people in northern Columbia, where there’s actually a more serious crime problem, that we are not going to allow those resources to be available for the police department to make the decision of how they are best used," Wade said.

Sid Sullivan: He thinks crime is largely an issue of perception. He believes crime is on the decline downtown and opposes Proposition 1, saying downtown business owners could form a neighborhood association or community improvement district if they want to pay for them.

"We've had a couple of really outrageous crimes where we've had home invasions and a beating in a downtown parking garage," he says. "When crime increases it takes a long time for the public to become aware of it. There is a perception of crime that follows crime."

Paul Love: He said he decided to run for mayor after a homicide at the Red Roof Inn near his home in north Columbia. He doesn't believe surveillance cameras downtown would be an effective deterrent. But he says on his Web site that he is running to "reduce crime and make Columbia a safe place to live again."

Sean O'Day: He opposes surveillance cameras downtown and instead would like to hire more police officers.

"I think the best way to curb crime is to get more police so that they're actually patrolling," he said.

Sal Nuccio: In an interview with the Missourian, Nuccio said he thinks crime is a problem. Nuccio owns Eastside Tavern downtown. He expressed tacit support for downtown cameras.

“The cameras would be useful only if they were strategically placed at crime hot spots in The District, not on every corner of every street,” Nuccio said.

THIRD WARD

Gary Kespohl: He has said violent crime is up 30 percent in Columbia. In an interview with the Missourian, Kespohl put some of the blame on the courts.

"My opinion is that, when someone commits those crimes, judges are too lenient," he said. "If we'd incarcerate those people for some period of time, then that might be a deterrent." Kespohl supports downtown surveillance cameras, saying they will help solve crimes even if they don't deter them.

Karl Skala: Crime, Skala said, is a problem in Columbia. But he doesn't think the numbers are higher than they have been.

"Absolutely there's a problem with crime in Columbia," Skala said. "Although the data does show that things have improved with violent crime from 2007 to 2010."

Skala personally opposes surveillance cameras but said he'll follow the wishes his constituents express in the vote on Proposition 1. He said private cameras financed by a community improvement district are a better idea.

FOURTH WARD

Tracy Greever-Rice: She thinks it's important to know what the actual trends are so that resources can be assigned accordingly. She said any use of surveillance cameras downtown needs to be based on evidence of where they would be most useful, and she trusts Police Chief Ken Burton to do that if Proposition 1 passes.

"I think we need to be deliberative and understanding of what the actual crime problem is and what the trends are in the city," Greever-Rice said. "I think it is an issue that is very dangerous to politicize."

Sarah Read: Read also has said that crime in Columbia is a matter of perception.

"I think overall we have a very safe community compared to many cities, however perception is nine-tenths of reality," Read said. She supports the placement of Proposition 1 on the ballot, saying discussion of downtown cameras was "prematurely cut off." She says she'll respect the vote of the people whether the measure passes or fails.

Daryl Dudley: Dudley has said that crime is a problem regardless of what the trends are. He "unconditionally" supports downtown cameras as an additional tool for police.

"Crime is a problem. If you have crime, it's a problem," he said. Dudley has also said he favors hiring more police officers.

Rick Buford: He said he thinks crime in Columbia is increasing, and he worries about how it will affect city spending.

"I think crime is a growing problem," he said. "(Burton), I believe, has a pretty clear plan of what he wants to do. Unfortunately his plan is going to require us to spend more dollars, and at this point we're having trouble staffing police and fire positions and staying within budgets."

Buford supports the effort to place Proposition 1 on the ballot but said he doesn't believe downtown cameras would be an efficient use of city money.


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Comments

Betsy Murphy March 29, 2010 | 11:30 a.m.

Not to put too fine a point on it, but I believe it's possible to read the overall crime data as reflecting two trends: The first is a decline since 2001, consistent with other parts of the nation. The second is a rise in late 2005/early 2006, consistent with what has been experienced in Hurricane Katrina exodus cities.

(Report Comment)
Matt Pearce March 29, 2010 | 12:19 p.m.

Great work, Chris. It'd be interesting to compare the crime rate to the amount of media coverage given to crime over the same period. Given the fact that the news is often many citizens' only contact with crime (and with the criminal justice system), we can have a pretty influential effect on public perception — which is why context like this is important.

-Matt Pearce
Public Safety reporter
Columbia Missourian

(Report Comment)
Ray Shapiro March 29, 2010 | 12:22 p.m.

("Sid Sullivan: He thinks crime is largely an issue of perception. He believes crime is on the decline downtown and opposes Proposition 1, saying downtown business owners could form a neighborhood association or community improvement district if they want to pay for them.
"We've had a couple of really outrageous crimes where we've had home invasions and a beating in a downtown parking garage," he says.")

Unlike Jerry Wade and Bob McDavid, Sid Sullivan has been the only mayoral candidate who has conveyed to me the essential need to actively market and promote Columbia as an alternative retirement town for Seniors who do not wish to endure the heat of Arizona or the Hurricanes of Florida.
Marketing and promoting this town to seniors provide many benefits with regards to jobs and crime.
1. Seniors are not the group committing the horrendous crimes we worry about.
2. Seniors bring real moderate incomes into our town.
3. Seniors tend to buy a home, instead of rent.
4. Seniors create the need for a wide variety of health related, consumer related and service related job opportunities for college graduates who may want to stay in Columbia and raise a family.
5. Seniors increase Church Congregations.
6. Seniors make great volunteers who impart wisdom, experience and a nuance to this town which can prevent stagnation.
7. We often look to, or at least should value our elders for their leadership and guidance. (Case in point, several seniors are currently running for Mayor.)

(Report Comment)
Matt Pearce March 29, 2010 | 12:35 p.m.

Betsy,

Some experts have questioned Katrina/crime increase. In the latest issue of the Journal of Criminal Justice, criminologists looked at crime rates in Houston, San Antonio and Phoenix (three cities receiving a varying amount of Katrina evacuees) and found that "contrary to much popular speculation, only modest effects were found on crime."

The full article isn't available online for free, but here's the print citation in case anyone gets curious and wants to snag a copy: Journal of Criminal Justice, Volume 38, Issue 1, January-February 2010, Pages 42-50.

-Matt Pearce
Public Safety reporter
Columbia Missourian

(Report Comment)
Matt Pearce March 29, 2010 | 12:43 p.m.

Sorry, forgot the title: "A tale of three cities: Crime and displacement after Hurricane Katrina," by Varano, et al.

(Report Comment)
Dan Viets April 5, 2010 | 11:44 p.m.

McDavid, Kespohl, Dudley and the Pro-Prop 1 group have shamelessly misrepresented the truth to the public, using the time-tested device of exploiting people's fear of crime to try to demagogue themselves into office and assault civil liberties in the process.
Read is wrong: perception is not 9/10ths of reality. This absurd rationalization is a lame attempt to justify pandering instead of leading, which requires dealing with the truth, even when it's inconvenient. This woman is in serious denial.

(Report Comment)
Ray Shapiro April 6, 2010 | 12:33 a.m.

I agree, Mr. V.
Those who are deceived, misperceive.
Thank you for pointing out the limited, slanted, skewed reality the Chamber of Commerce's elite "advertising campaigners," are pushing to fool the average resident in Columbia.
Obviously, the big egos of McDavid, Kespohl and Read have no shame or conscience when it comes to deception.
(Regardless of their soft-spoken "bedside manner," supposed objectivity in paid "community service" or self-proclaimed "philanthropy" and tolerance in rental policies.)
How can we genuinely trust these candidates as unbiased public servants for all of Columbia?

(Report Comment)
Ed Ricciotti April 6, 2010 | 1:04 a.m.

Let's just hope the Rovian tactics of fear-mongering, character assassination, and mega fund-raising doesn't translate into victory for those who would exploit Columbia for their own personal gain. I am optimistic that our local voters will demand more substance than style and can see through the double-speak and mis-truths. I hope they send a message that money doesn't necessarily to victory in a local election.

(Report Comment)
Derrick Fogle April 6, 2010 | 1:56 a.m.

We've had plenty of development in this town over the last 20 years. And we have a perception of crime being out of control. We've probably got 10,000 surveillance cameras operating in this town already. And a perception that crime is out of control. So... the solution to the perception of crime is more development and surveillance. Brilliant logic. Let me know how that works out for you.

(Report Comment)

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