WASHINGTON — Oil spill frustration is rampant.
The White House is being pounded for not acting more aggressively in the month-old oil spill disaster in the Gulf of Mexico. The administration is hitting back, mostly at BP. Louisiana is threatening to take matters into its own hands. The truth is, the government has little direct experience at either the national or state level at stopping deep-water oil leaks — and few realistic options.
With the oil flowing and spreading at a furious rate, President Barack Obama has accused BP of a "breakdown of responsibility." He named a special independent commission to review what happened.
But the administration seems to want to have it both ways — insisting it's in charge while also insisting that BP do the heavy lifting. The White House is arguing that government officials aren't just watching from the sidelines, but also acknowledging there's just so much the government can do directly.
"They are 5,000 feet down. BP or the private sector alone have the means to deal with that problem down there. It's not government equipment that is going to be used to do that," Coast Guard Commandant Thad Allen said Monday in a White House briefing.
"They are the responsible party," he said. "But we have the authority to direct them."
There are political risks both ways. If the federal government took control somehow, it would own the problem and any failure would belong to Obama.
But the flip side is that Obama could suffer politically if his administration is seen as falling short of staying on top of the problem or not working hard to find a solution.
Dealing with the disaster
BP's attempts to stop the leak have failed. The company intended to try another technique Wednesday in which heavy mud and cement would be shot into the well to plug it up.
White House energy adviser Carol Browner made the rounds of morning television news shows Tuesday, expressing continued frustration but also voicing hope that Wednesday's procedure would succeed where others have failed.
"We have been in charge, and we'll continue to be in charge. But clearly BP has expertise, and that needs to be brought to bear," she said to CBS.
In the past, the government has turned to oil industry experts to deal with oil disasters.
It famously recruited legendary oil well fighters Paul "Red" Adair and Edward "Coots" Matthews to help in the first Iraq war. Retreating Iraqi troops deliberately spilled 462 million gallons of oil into the Persian Gulf and set more than 700 oilfield fires.
After the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska, Congress dictated in the 1990 Oil Pollution Act that oil companies be responsible for dealing with major accidents — including paying for all cleanup — with oversight by federal agencies.
That has pretty much been the model ever since. And the administration insists that's exactly what it is doing, though clearly not everyone agrees.
Keeping an eye on BP's oversight
Anger grows as the slick spreads and washes ashore into environmentally sensitive marshes and waterways. Nerves are frayed, and finger-pointing is in full swing.
The administration says it is losing patience with BP's efforts.
"If we find they're not doing what they're supposed to be doing, we'll push them out of the way appropriately," Interior Secretary Ken Salazar said to reporters outside BP's headquarters in Houston on Sunday.
Just what did Salazar mean by "push them out of the way"? Officials have struggled to explain what Salazar meant.
"That's more of a metaphor," the Coast Guard's Allen said Monday. "'Push BP out of the way' would raise the question, 'replace them with what?'"
Allen, responsible for oversight of the spill response, said he, too, is frustrated, along with other Americans.
Salazar and Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano led a Senate delegation to the region Monday.
"We are going to stay on this and stay on BP until this gets done and it gets done the right way," Napolitano said after flying over the affected area.
Frustration with the response
Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal, a Republican, has taken swipes at BP, and other oil companies involved in the disaster, as well as the federal government. Jindal said he was going to call out members of the Louisiana National Guard to join state wildlife agencies to supplement a federal response that he called inadequate.
In particular, Jindal assailed the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers for failing to sign off on a plan to build a chain of protective sand barriers — or berms — off the coast to help block the oil.
"We are not waiting for them. We are going to build it" ourselves, Jindal said. U.S. officials said the Corps is nearing a final decision.
Millions of gallons of oil have spewed from the well since April 20, when the Deepwater Horizon rig owned by driller Transocean and leased by BP exploded, killing 11 workers.
Doug Suttles, BP's chief operating officer, made the round of network news shows Monday with the same message.
"We are doing everything we can, everything I know," Suttles said.
He said the energy giant, formerly known as British Petroleum, understands and shares everyone's frustration.
Patience, though not ideal, might be key
History isn't encouraging, however, when it comes to underwater ruptures.
The last major spill in the Gulf was in June 1979, when an offshore drilling rig in Mexican waters — the Ixtoc I — blew up, releasing 140 million gallons of oil. The well was owned by Mexico's state oil company, known as Pemex. It took Pemex and a series of U.S. contractors nearly nine months to cap the well, and a great deal of the oil contaminated Mexican and U.S. waters.
If patience is necessary, it isn't a particularly forthcoming quality in these tense times.
Even Democratic consultant James Carville, a strong Obama ally, has been taking shots at the administration.
A Louisiana native, Carville told CNN the administration was "risking everything by this 'go along with BP' strategy. ... If you let BP handle it ... it's not going to go away. It is a disaster of the first magnitude, and they've got to go to Plan B."
But so far, there was no Plan B on the table short of waiting until August, when two relief wells are expected to reach the oil deep under the ocean floor.