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Gluten-free gaining fans in stores and restaurants

Wednesday, February 16, 2011 | 7:57 p.m. CST; updated 12:14 p.m. CST, Monday, February 28, 2011
Cory Hodapp takes out a pizza that was prepared with gluten-free dough Monday. The Rome has been offering a gluten-free menu for the past four months.

COLUMBIA — A young girl inspired The Rome restaurant in downtown Columbia to introduce a gluten-free menu. Because of a gluten allergy, the 9-year-old was bringing her own gluten-free pasta to the restaurant when her family went there for meals.

Seeing her struck a chord with Cory Hodapp, one of the restaurant’s owners.

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“I started feeling bad," Hodapp said. "It was ridiculous that a loyal customer had to bring her own pasta.”

He sat down with the girl’s family and researched gluten-free food to come up with a gluten-free menu.

The Rome is just one of several restaurants in Columbia that have responded to an increasing demand for menus that offer gluten-free food. The demand also has resulted in gluten-free sections in Columbia grocery stores, including Schnucks, Hy-Vee and Gerbes.

According to the Nielsen Co., a consumer ratings company, sales of gluten-free food in 2009 went up 16 percent from 2008. Packaged Facts, a company that publishes market research on food, beverage, consumer-packaged goods and demographic sectors, projects that by 2015, sales of gluten-free food and beverages will top $5 billion.

The demand for gluten-free foods is mainly from people with celiac disease, who cannot tolerate gluten. But lately, people who have no negative reactions are eliminating foods with gluten from their diets to feel better and lose weight. The foods, however, tend to be more expensive.

The science behind celiac

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the small intestine becomes damaged by gluten, which is found in wheat, rye and barley. For those with celiac disease, eating gluten can cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Reactions to gluten can range from insensitivity to intolerance, Matthew Bechtold a gastroenterologist at University Hospital, said.

Bechtold said he hasn’t necessarily seen an increase in people with celiac disease recently, though a blood test has made it easier to identify people with the disease.

Carly Dyer, who stopped eating gluten because of health problems, including an overproduction of yeast in her body, said she has no problems finding gluten-free food. She shops at Hy-Vee. The store's gluten-free section includes bread, pasta, cake and cookie mixes, dessert and frozen food, said Rock Bridge Hy-Vee dietitian Paula Vandelicht.

Dyer works at Main Squeeze, a natural foods restaurant downtown, in part because it has gluten-free food she can eat.

“You can make anything gluten-free,” she said. “There are so many options.”

Gluten-free everything

Along with salads, the restaurant Ingredient offers gluten-free pizza crust and bread sticks, which are so popular that orders have to be placed every couple of weeks, said Crystal Martin, general manager of the Columbia location. Some of the demand is coming from people who don't have celiac disease, she said.

“A lot of people who don’t necessarily have diet restrictions still prefer gluten-free bread sticks,” Martin said.

The Rome orders gluten-free pasta and makes its own gluten-free pizza crust. “Pizza and pasta are the Holy Grail of what people miss most,” Hodapp said, alluding to people diagnosed later in life with celiac disease.

He said it took a lot of trial and error to master the process of making gluten-free dough, because it has a different elasticity. Gluten-free flour is made of a mix of a variety of ingredients, including rice, corn and tapioca, he said.

The gluten-free flour mix Hodapp buys is five times more expensive than regular flour. Despite the extra cost and time spent making gluten-free food, he said it’s worth it for the appreciation customers express.

“We’ve been really overwhelmed with support for it,” he said of the menu.

A diagnosis and a bakery

Ingredient orders its crust and bread sticks from Olivia’s Oven in Kansas City, Kan., a bakery that owner Carreen Blankenship opened five years ago after her daughter Olivia was diagnosed with celiac disease. When Blankenship looked for gluten-free food for her daughter and saw there was little available, she decided to make it commercially.

She had a cookie business at the time, but she decided to dedicate the new bakery to all gluten-free food. The bakery serves 24 restaurants and grocery stores and provides food to Children’s Mercy Hospital. Olivia’s Oven has seen an uptick in sales every year since it opened five years ago.

Blankenship was inspired because she didn’t know what to do for Olivia’s birthday cake and thought other parents of children with celiac disease might be facing the same challenge.

“We knew what a disadvantage it was,” she said of trying to find gluten-free food.

Later, Blankenship, her mother and her youngest daughter all were diagnosed with celiac disease, so her entire family went gluten-free and felt healthier after the change.

“It changed our lives for the better,” she said. “Our food is our medicine.”

Some of her gluten-free customers don't have celiac disease, though.

“People eat it just to simply feel better,” she said.

Hodapp has seen the same trend. Although mostly people with celiac disease order from The Rome's gluten-free menu, he said some people without the disease are curious to try it because they believe it might be healthier. He guessed that some people might believe the foods are better for them simply because they're more expensive.

Not necessarily healthier

The truth is that gluten-free food has roughly the same amount of fat and carbohydrates as food with gluten, Bechtold said.

And it's lower in fiber and not as filling as food with gluten, Vandelicht said.

Bechtold said people might believe a gluten-free diet is causing them to lose weight because it might prompt them to stop eating some gluten-containing, high-calorie foods. However, eliminating gluten will not result in weight loss, he said.

Vandelicht said the diet is ultimately meant to help people with health conditions.

“It’s not designed to be a weight-loss diet,” she said.

While eating gluten-free food won't cause harm to those without allergies, it is often more expensive and difficult to stick to.  

"It's very hard to follow a true gluten-free diet," Bechtold said.

According to mayoclinic.com, those who eat only gluten-free foods are at risk of not consuming enough vitamins and nutrients.

 


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Comments

Chip Leaver February 16, 2011 | 11:07 p.m.

Nice article. I'm allergic to gluten and yes, pizza and good bread are two of the things that I miss terribly. We won't even go into biscuits and gravy, sub sandwiches, crackers, pasta and eating out.

My "special" foods are very expensive and you're right, even if you don't eat one bit of the stuff on the wheat train that runs through your table and the table of every restaurant you go to, don't expect to lose a pound.

(Report Comment)
Steve Rose February 17, 2011 | 7:22 a.m.

Dining out is absolutely tricky. Only 10% of restaurants actually have excellent food allergy procedures. Having a gluten-free menu is a great start, but restaurants still have to avoid cross contamination. We have over 1700 restaurants rated on how well they handle food allergies, and are coming to St. Louis, Kansas City and Columbia now. At www.AllerDine.com, we are continuing to interview restaurant chefs and managers. If there is a restaurant you want to know about, add it to our site and we will do the work for you.

Safe dining.

Steve
www.AllerDine.com

(Report Comment)
Julie McGinnis February 17, 2011 | 11:33 a.m.

Those with celiac disease and gluten intolerance do not need to be at risk for missing vitamins and minerals. The Gluten Free Bistro created pizza, pasta and flour that is whole grain and packed with vitamins, minerals, protein and fiber naturally. Our products have great texture and flavor and are the type of foods everyone should be eating for good health. www.theglutenfreebistro.com.

(Report Comment)
Mark Foecking February 18, 2011 | 4:02 a.m.

Actual food allergies, as well as celiac disease, are fairly rare. There's nothing intrinsically wrong with eating gluten if you're not otherwise affected by it. You can see by a couple of the above posts that food faddism can be, and often is, exploited for profit.

We're "sick" far more from lack of exercise than from anything in our diets.

Popular ignorance of food science and chemistry is saddening. A lot of people wouldn't eat something called "polydextrose", but would happily put cornstarch in their mouths.

DK

(Report Comment)
Janelle Lozano February 18, 2011 | 8:43 a.m.

Thanks for this informative article. We discovered Celiac in our family and are still working on finding safe places to eat. You have given me 3 new choices and I plan to try them all very soon. For those of you worried about cross contamination in Columbia restaurants, perhaps you should invite Hollie Scott and her dog Elias to dine with you. See the USA today article ( http://www.usatoday.com/yourlife/pets/do... )about this amazing Gluten sniffing dog who attends Mizzou with Hollie!

(Report Comment)
Frank DeVoy February 23, 2011 | 4:40 p.m.

It would have been prudent to have this article proofed by a gastroenterologist familiar with the condition before going to press. Had you done so, you would have been told that, with coeliac disease, the gluten does not damage the small intestine.

The presence of ingested gluten triggers an immune response in which the immune system releases antibodies to attack the lining of the small intestine.

If it's worth writing about, it's worth getting it right.

(Report Comment)

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