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The Arab League calls for no-fly zone as Gadhafi pushes ahead

Saturday, March 12, 2011 | 4:56 p.m. CST; updated 3:33 p.m. CDT, Thursday, April 7, 2011

RAS LANOUF, Libya — The world moved a step closer to a decision on imposing a no-fly zone over Libya but Moammar Gadhafi was swiftly advancing Saturday on the poorly equipped and loosely organized rebels who have seized much of the country.

Gadhafi's forces pushed the front line miles deeper into rebel territory and violence erupted at the front door of the opposition stronghold in eastern Libya, where an Al-Jazeera cameraman slain in an ambush became the first journalist killed in the nearly month-long conflict.

In Cairo, the Arab League asked the U.N. Security Council to impose a no-fly zone to protect the rebels, increasing pressure on the U.S. and other Western powers to take action that most have expressed deep reservations about.

In surprisingly swift action and aggressive language, the 22-member Arab bloc said after an emergency meeting that the Libyan government had "lost its sovereignty." It asked the United Nations to "shoulder its responsibility ... to impose a no-fly zone over the movement of Libyan military planes and to create safe zones in the places vulnerable to airstrikes."

Western diplomats have said Arab and African approval was necessary before the Security Council voted on imposing a no-fly zone, which would be imposed by NATO nations such as the U.S., France, Britain and Italy to protect civilians from air attack by Gadhafi's forces.

The U.S. and other countries have expressed deep reservations about the effectiveness of a no-fly zone and the possibility it could drag them into another messy conflict in the Muslim world.

Gen. Abdel-Fattah Younis, the country's interior minister before defecting, told The Associated Press that Gadhafi's forces had driven further into rebel territory than at any time since the opposition seized control of the east.

He said they were about 50 miles (77 kilometers) past the fiercely contested oil port of Ras Lanouf and about 25 miles (40 kilometers) outside Brega, the site of a major oil terminal.

Fewer rebel supporters were seen by an AP reporter further east, suggesting morale had taken a hit as the momentum shifted in favor of the regime.

Outside the rebel stronghold of Benghazi deep in opposition territory, Al-Jazeera cameraman Ali Hassan al-Jaber was killed in what the pan-Arab satellite station described as an ambush, without providing details.

The Libyan government took reporters from the capital, Tripoli, 375 miles east by plane and bus to show off its control of the former front-line town of Bin Jawwad, the scene of brutal battles six days earlier between insurgents and Gadhafi loyalists using artillery, rockets and helicopter gunships.

A police station was completely destroyed, its windows shattered, walls blackened and burned and broken furniture inside. A nearby school had gaping holes in the roof and a wall. Homes nearby were empty and cars were overturned or left as charred hulks in the road.

Rubble filled the streets and a sulphurous smell hung in the air.

The tour continued 40 miles to the east in Ras Lanouf, an oil port of boxy, sand-colored buildings with satellite dishes on top.

The area was silent and devoid of any sign of life, with laundry still fluttering on lines strung across balconies. About 50 soldiers or militia members in 10 white Toyota pickups, holding up portraits of Gadhafi, smeared with mud as camouflage guarded it. A playground was strewn with bullet casings and medical supplies looted from a nearby pharmacy the doors of which had been shot open.

The defeat at Ras Lanouf, which had been captured by rebels a week ago and only fell after days of fierce fighting and shelling, was a major setback for opposition forces who just a week ago held the entire eastern half of the country and were charging toward the capital.

A massive column of black smoke billowed from Ras Lanouf's blazing oil refinery. A Libyan colonel asserted the rebels had detonated it as they retreated.

A resident also reported fighting between government forces and rebels inside Gadhafi's territory in Misrata, Libya's third-largest city, 125 miles (200 kilometers) southeast of Tripoli.

"There's the sound of firing, tanks and rockets," he told the AP by telephone. "We can hear the sound of tanks, but it's hard to go near. It feels like there is a battle at the edge of the city."

Government forces also have recaptured the strategic town of Zawiya, near Tripoli, sealing off a corridor around the capital, which has been Gadhafi's main stronghold.


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Comments

Paul Allaire March 13, 2011 | 6:49 p.m.

Some people who read this know that I dislike our involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan. However, even I would support a no fly zone in Libya. There are many reasons for this. One is that rebellion as we have encouraged has taken across half of the country. Another is that the Arab League has asked for the military intervention.

It is a shame that out losses from extended conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have left us mainly unwilling or unable to actually serve to anyone's benefit.

(Report Comment)
John Schultz March 13, 2011 | 9:37 p.m.

Perhaps the Arab League should do their own dirty work?

(Report Comment)
Tony Robertson March 13, 2011 | 10:39 p.m.

Our operations in Iraq & Afghanistan do not preclude or prevent the prospect of no-fly enforcement over Libya - especially the eastern region, which is still rebel-controlled. This would be more defensive in nature, and would not require such a degree of SAM or AAA suppression, as establishment of a zone encompassing the whole country.

I would think that the types of planes needed for a Libyan no-fly zone would be a bit different than those used in Iraqi/Afghan theaters. More fighters, AWAC, and reconaissance aircraft, versus more ground support, drone, and airlift aircraft in Iraq & Afghanistan.

Whether or not we should do it is more arguable than if we could. The Arab League nations have some formidable air assets, many of them purchased from us. The trouble would be the logistics of supplying and sustaining such a force.

(Report Comment)

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