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Dip in U.S. unemployment applications suggest increased hiring in May

Thursday, May 10, 2012 | 8:21 a.m. CDT; updated 11:44 a.m. CDT, Thursday, May 10, 2012

WASHINGTON — The number of people applying for U.S. unemployment benefits ticked down last week after dropping sharply the previous week — evidence hiring could pick up this month.

Weekly applications dropped 1,000 to a seasonally adjusted 367,000 in the week ending May 5, the Labor Department said Thursday. The previous week's figure was revised up slightly.

The four-week average, a less volatile measure, fell by 5,250 to 379,000. It was the first decline since late March.

Applications are a measure of the pace of layoffs. When they stay consistently below 375,000, it suggests job growth is strong enough to lower the unemployment rate.

Applications are falling again after rising for most of April. The spike in applications coincided with weaker hiring this spring. Employers added an average of 135,000 jobs per month in March and April. That raised fears that the job market is sputtering after a strong winter.

Dan Greenhaus, an analyst at BTIG, an institutional brokerage firm, said temporary layoffs stemming from spring holidays likely pushed claims higher in April. If applications stay where they are or fall further, Greenhaus predicts hiring will rise to healthier levels of between 150,000 and 200,000 new jobs each month.

A jump in job openings also suggests hiring will pick up. Employers advertised 3.74 million job openings in March, the most since July 2008. It usually takes one to three months for employers to fill openings.

From December through February, employers had created an average 252,000 jobs a month. That was the best three months of job growth since the recession ended in June 2009, not counting months thrown off by the hiring of temporary census workers in 2010.

The unemployment rate has dropped a full percentage point since August — to 8.1 percent in April.

The recent jobs picture has been clouded by an unseasonably warm winter. That allowed construction firms and other companies to hire earlier than usual, effectively stealing jobs from the spring. Economists are puzzling out how much of the slower hiring in March and April was weather-related payback and how much reflects economic weakness.

More than 500,000 Americans have left the workforce since February. That's one reason — and not a good one — that unemployment has continued to fall. People who are out of work but not looking for jobs aren't counted among the unemployed.

The economy grew at a disappointing 2.2 percent from January through March, a rate consistent with less than 110,000 new jobs a month.

There's still has a long way to go. The United States has regained only about 3.8 million, or 43 percent, of the 8.8 million jobs lost during and immediately after the recession.

The number of people receiving unemployment benefits also dropped. That is partly because extended benefit programs are winding down. More than 6.4 million people received benefits during the week that ended April 21, down nearly 175,000 from the previous week.


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