COLUMBIA — Mike Tompkins is a Boone County property owner who specializes in developing what he calls "cozy little private roads."
His website advertises the properties' "rolling hills" and their suitability for horseback riding and "relaxing with nature."
"My clients like living in a private area," Tompkins said. "That's a lot of the charm of living in Boone County."
A proposed change to county regulations discussed by the Boone County Planning and Zoning Commission last week would prevent Tompkins from building another Whispering Meadows. If county commissioners approve the regulations, property owners would be allowed to split their land into only two properties along a private road if their property is larger than 10 acres, commission member Brian Dollar said. For properties smaller than 10 acres, no subdivisions along private roads would be allowed.
Property owners now can divide properties of more than 20 acres into an unlimited number of lots along private roads, Dollar said. For properties smaller than 20 acres, divisions continue to be allowed.
Dollar thinks the new regulations would disproportionately affect rural areas with few public roads, such as Cedar and Bourbon townships in extreme southern and northwestern Boone County, respectively.
If farmers are not allowed to subdivide properties along private roads, their land use would essentially be restricted to agriculture, which would cut their property value in half, Dollar said.
"The ability to sell large tracts in the county would become impossible," Dollar said.
The new regulations also would hurt Boone County's tax base, Dollar said, because a development of homes brings in more taxes than an equal amount of agricultural land. Most land that is developed is "marginal" woodland that doesn't have much agricultural potential anyway, he said.
Bill Florea, senior land use planner at the Boone County Resource Management Division, said that county commissioners asked the division to make the changes to improve public safety services.
Florea said that "inconsistent addressing" and "visibility issues" make it difficult for ambulances, fire trucks and sheriff's cars to respond to emergencies on private roads.
Residents of private road developments have also complained of inadequate snow plowing and poor maintenance of gravel roads, Florea said."They feel like they're paying taxes that should be fixing the road outside their house," he said.
Florea acknowledged that the new regulations would "probably" make it more difficult to build private road developments in Boone County.
Tompkins thinks that a few complaints are overshadowing a silent majority who are happy living along private roads.
"They aren't going to get calls from people saying, 'I love my private roads,'" Tompkins said.
Developers often construct private roads instead of new public roads because county standards make public roads too expensive, Dollar said. Residents of private road developments bear the costs of maintenance and snow removal.
Dollar estimates that about half of the Planning and Zoning Commission supports the new regulations. The commission will vote on the changes in October, he said. Because the commission is only advisory, the final decision rests with the three-member Boone County Commission, which is scheduled to vote on the matter in December.
Dollar worries that many residents of rural areas are unaware of the proposed changes. No one from the general public attended the most recent Planning and Zoning Commission meeting, he said.
"Lots of them don't read the Missourian or the Tribune," Dollar said. "They don't know about it."
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