JEFFERSON CITY — The Missouri Senate has passed a proposed 1-cent sales tax to fund state and local transportation projects.
The tax would require approval by Missouri voters and go back on a statewide ballot after 10 years.
Officials estimate the tax would generate nearly $8 billion over a decade with 10 percent dedicated to local transportation needs.
The proposal now goes to the House after clearing the Senate Thursday on a vote of 24-10. All the opponents were Republicans.
Proponents argue Missouri needs to increase funding for transportation. Some opponents raised concerns about raising taxes.
Sponsoring Sen. Mike Kehoe, who served on the Missouri Highways and Transportation Commission before joining the legislature, said the state needs to boost transportation funding and that the available options are limited. He said the gas tax would need to be increased by 20 to 25 cents to generate equivalent revenue.
"Missourians realize there is a need for investment in our infrastructure. They recognize the return for that," Kehoe, R-Jefferson City, said. He said the measure could support as many as 270,000 jobs in Missouri over a decade.
The House Transportation Committee has embraced a similar measure, but Speaker Tim Jones previously has said he would prefer that a sales tax increase be revenue neutral.
Preliminary approval in the Senate for the transportation sales tax came shortly before the legislature's annual midsession recess. The weeklong break frequently is a demarcation line for proposals that are advancing and those that have become bogged down.
Under the Senate measure, the state transportation commission would develop a list of projects to be funded before the tax appears on the ballot. If voters pass it, the commission would produce an annual status report for the legislature and the governor.
Ten percent of the revenue would go to cities and counties for local transportation needs. The remainder would be for state projects and could go to highways, bridges and other transportation needs such as ports, railroads and mass transportation. Senators rejected an effort to reserve a portion of the state's proceeds for projects other than highways and bridges.
When the transportation sales tax is in effect, voter approval would be needed to change the gas tax rate or place tolls on existing roads and bridges.
In the sixth year after voter approval of the tax, the legislature's Joint Committee on Transportation could recommend suspending appropriations from the sales tax fund for projects that were approved but not yet included in the statewide improvement program. The suspension would require a two-thirds vote in the joint committee and passage of a resolution by the House and Senate. It would be lifted when the transportation commission adds back the projects.
The leading co-sponsor is Democratic Sen. Ryan McKenna, D-Crystal City, co-chairman of a task force that released a report this year concluding Missouri should be spending an additional $600 million to $1 billion annually for transportation.
Concern about funding for Missouri's transportation system is not new. As early as 2006, then-Department of Transportation Director Pete Rahn said the annual highway construction budget would decline significantly by 2010 as bond payments for past projects came due. The decline was delayed because of federal economic stimulus money approved in 2009. But in the last year, Missouri's highway construction funding has fallen from $1.2 billion to less than $700 million.
Earlier this year, transportation commissioner Rudy Farber also proposed a 1-cent sales tax increase. Farber released the plan in late January, which included funding to add an eastbound and westbound lane on Interstate 70 between Independence and Wentzville.