ATLANTA — The United Church of Christ’s rule-making body voted overwhelmingly Monday to approve a resolution endorsing same-sex marriage, making it the largest Christian denomination to do so.
The vote is not binding on individual churches, but could cause some congregations to leave the fold.
Roughly 80 percent of the representatives on the church’s 884-member General Synod voted to approve the resolution Monday, a day after a smaller committee recommended it.
The Rev. John H. Thomas, president of the United Church of Christ, said with the vote on Independence Day, the rule-making body “acted courageously to declare freedom.”
The resolution calls on member churches of the liberal denomination of 1.3 million to consider wedding policies “that do not discriminate against couples based on gender.”
It also asks churches to consider supporting legislation, granting equal marriage rights to gay and lesbian couples and to work against laws banning gay marriage.
A small group of conservative congregations had proposed an alternative resolution defining marriage as between a man and a woman and suggested that supporting gay marriage could lead to the church’s collapse.
The Rev. Brett Becker, who represents a group of the UCC’s more conservative churches, said it’s possible his congregation at St. Paul United Church of Christ in Cibolo, Texas, will leave the church over the resolution.
“I would like to see us stay in the denomination and network for positive change,” Becker said.
“However, many of my members have expressed very clearly that this decision would cause great consternation and that, if this happened, they would want to see us leave.”
UCC leaders said individual churches have not been polled about their views.
Formed in 1957 and traditionally strong in New England, the United Church of Christ has a tradition of support for gays and lesbians. It is distinct from the more conservative Churches of Christ, which has some 2 million members in the United States.
In the early 1970s, the UCC became the first major Christian church to ordain an openly gay minister. The church declared itself to be “open and affirming” of gays and lesbians 20 years ago.
“This is a significant moment,” said the Rev. Rebecca Voelkel, of Cleveland, coordinator of a church coalition addressing gay and lesbian issues. She said the decision emphasizes that lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people are “spiritual people who love and are loved by God.”
But Becker said he doesn’t think Monday’s vote was representative of the wishes of most church members.
“If we had put it to a vote of the people in the pews, it would have failed overwhelmingly,” he said. UCC churches are autonomous, meaning the General Synod does not create policy for its more than 5,700 congregations.
Some opponents of the resolution preferred alternative language endorsing same-sex “covenanted relationships.”
“I will find it much easier to sell back home, and quite frankly, to live with personally, if we replace ‘marriage’ with ‘covenanted relationship,’” said Harlan Hall, a synod member from Wisconsin.
An amendment that would have made that change in language was overwhelmingly voted down, as were efforts to postpone a vote until next year.