The following is a list of diseases for which researchers say embryonic stem cells could potentially lead to cures through somatic cell nuclear transfer. This process takes isolated somatic cells from a patient and tranfers them to a donated egg. The created embryo is allowed to grow into a blastocyst, from which cells are plucked and cultured. These cells can then be turned (or differentiated) into tissue cells for the same patient.
Human embryonic stem cells can be used to form any kind of stem cell that is needed, and this versatility is thought to make them better for research purposes.
- Arthritis, Crohn’s disease, Devic’s syndrome, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, osteoporosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, Type 1 diabetes
- Bladder/kidney, brain/central nervous system, breast, colon/lower bowel, endometrium/cervix/ovary, esophagus, leukemia, liver, lungs/respiratory system, lymphoma, myeloma, pancreas, prostate, skin, stomach
- Acute ischemic heart disease (angina), myocardial infarction (heart attack), chronic ischemic heart disease (athersclerotic heart disease), cardiomyopathy cerebrovascular disease (stroke)
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary fibrosis
- Severe burns, shaken baby syndrome, spinal cord injury
- Macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa
- Adrenoleukodystrophy, aspartylglycosaminuria, Canavan’s disease, cystic fibrosis, Fabry disease, fucosidosis, Gaucher disease, leukodystrophy, mucopolysaccharidoses, Niemann-Pick disease, Pompe disease, porphyria, sickle cell disease, Tay-Sachs disease, Type 2 diabetes
- Becker, Duchenne, Emery Dreifuss, facioscapulohumeral, Fukuyama, limb-girdle, myasthenia-gravis, myotonic dystrophy
- Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, Lou Gehrig’s disease, Parkinson’s disease
- Asperger syndrome, autism, cerebral palsy, childhood disintegrative disorder, Down syndrome, epilepsy, hydrocephalus, Rett syndrome
Autoimmune diseases/musculoskeletal/connective tissue disorders
Neurological diseases of adulthood
Neurological diseases of childhood
Source: Missouri Coalition for Lifesaving Cures