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Meal time can be a real zoo — at the zoo

A new nutrition center allows more options for animals’ diets.
Friday, June 29, 2007 | 12:12 p.m. CDT; updated 4:50 p.m. CDT, Monday, July 21, 2008
An armadillo eats a meal at the St. Louis Zoo Thursday, June 28, 2007, in St. Louis. The food was prepared in the zoo's new $5.3 million state-of-the-art Orthwein Animal Nutrition Center where as much as 3,000 pounds of food is prepared each day for animals in the zoo.

ST. LOUIS — Right now, the pickiest eaters at the St. Louis Zoo just might be the cheetahs.

Change their meat supplier, or even wash their food dishes with a new detergent, and they can become downright finicky, turning up their noses at mealtime.

By the numbers

Here’s the St. Louis Zoo’s “grocery list” for one year to keep its animals well fed: • 10 tons of carrots • 6 tons of primate biscuits • 20 tons of herring • 500 cases of bananas • 1.5 tons of squid • 520 cases of apples • 78 tons of herbivore pellets •15 tons of mackerel • 13,000 bales of hay • 5 tons of smelt • 1.2 million adult crickets • 675 pounds of earthworms • 1,625,000 mealworms • 675,000 waxworms • 1,000 cases of kale • 22,000 adult mice

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With 18,000 mouths to feed every day — that’s including about 11,000 insects on exhibit — one of the nation’s top zoos says a new nutrition center that opened Thursday will keep mealtimes from becoming, well, a real zoo.

The St. Louis Zoo already had orderly procedures in place for feeding its animals, but it now has a $5.3 million, state-of-the-art center focused on animal nutrition.

Visitors can watch food being prepared at the Orthwein Animal Nutrition Center through large glass windows, though the center itself isn’t open to the public.

A staff with four full-time and two part-time workers begins its days around 5 a.m., Ellen Dierenfeld, zoo nutritionist, said.

They prepare about 3,000 pounds of food each day in a kitchen.

The center has plenty of space for food storage, including a walk-in freezer half the size of a basketball court that holds everything from frozen fish for penguins to frozen rabbits for carnivores. Live prey is not kept at this facility.

Animal health keeper Jamie Nicoloff stood at one food work station, weighing individual portions of raw horse meat for those picky cheetahs and packing the meat so it doesn’t leak when it’s transported elsewhere in the zoo.

“It’s very glamorous,” she joked about her work.

A 40-by-16-foot refrigerator holds fresh fruits and vegetables, and a dry storage area keeps bagged feeds and pellets. Three 4.5-ton grain bins are loaded by trucks from outside of the building. Buckets are placed under a chute to pour out smaller amounts of feed as it’s needed.

Also spotted on the shelves were marshmallows and Oreo cookies.

Dierenfeld said the items are a rare treat for animals, used if an animal is training to learn a new skill.

The center will also allow the zoo to do plenty of research related to animal nutrition.

Gardens outside have been planted for studies to compare how cultivated fruits and vegetables compare with the nutrients in wild varieties.

Another study will look at the food intake of horned guans. The birds have been eating red-colored feed pellets, but not yellow ones, though nutritionally they’re the same, Dierenfeld noted.

The center allows the zoo to store food in bulk. Even so, the zoo’s food bill runs about $1 million a year, she said.

“Our grocery list is a little different from the typical one,” Dierenfeld said.


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