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Jubilee should come with remembrance: Columbia celebrates Juneteenth

  • 3 min to read
Barbra Horrell waves out of her car

Barbra Horrell waves from her car during the Juneteenth parade Saturday in downtown Columbia.

A tour group followed guide Annelle Whitt to the yard outside St. Paul’s African Methodist Episcopal Church. The learners congregated around a marker that designated the area as part of the African-American Heritage Trail. Whitt, the district coordinator for Columbia Public Schools, led the Juneteenth tour Saturday and educated a group of about 70 people on African-American history in Columbia.

Whitt and members of the crowd began to sing a song they know from church, with the melody accompanied by clapping and a slight breeze in the midday heat.

“Woke up in the morning with my mind—”

“Stayin’ on Jesus.”





Parade diptych

LEFT: The Crum family rides in the back of a truck during the parade Saturday in downtown Columbia. They are celebrating Juneteenth in honor of their grandfather, Donald Gene Crum, the second Black firefighter in Columbia. RIGHT: Marvin Walton, 17, picks up candy during the Juneteenth parade Saturday in Columbia. The parade started at the First Baptist Church on Broadway and ended at the Blind Boone Home.

The Columbia Juneteenth celebration included a parade, a tour of the African-American Heritage Trail and a block party at Douglass Park. The tour visited markers of African-American history in the city and educated about different areas and their significance to Black history.

“It just made my heart happy,” Whitt said. “With all the stuff that’s going on in the world, this just let me know today we’re gonna be all right.”

“There’s more of us that want to be together than don’t, so it made my heart happy,” Whitt continued.

This Juneteenth was the first that was recognized as an official federal holiday after President Joe Biden signed legislation Thursday. June 19, 1865, was the day that enslaved people in Galveston, Texas, learned about their freedom.

Annelle Whitt stands outside of the Blind Boone Home

Tour guide Annelle Whitt stands outside the John William “Blind” Boone Home and Second Missionary Baptist Church during a tour of the African American Heritage Trail on Saturday in Columbia. “We need to visit each other; we need to do fellowship with each other and understand who we are,” she said about different types of communities.

“It’s personal for me because it’s recognition of me and my culture,” said LaKeysha Swanson of the Columbia Center for Urban Agriculture. “I’m just glad they finally got around to it.”

The first Juneteenth was celebrated in Galveston in 1865, more than two years after the Emancipation Proclamation and about two months after the end of the Civil War. Gen. Gordon Granger arrived in the city and announced that the war was over and enforced President Abraham Lincoln’s proclamation, freeing the enslaved people in the area.

People walk along the African American Heritage Trail

People walk along the African American Heritage Trail on Saturday in Columbia. Tours of the trail were free and ran from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m. 

“I don’t think I’ve had an opportunity to really sit down and internalize it, to know what it really means, what is the real significance, not only to myself but to us as a people,” Whitt said. “This is the day we were actually free.”

“Well, in the quotes ‘free,’” she continued. The day is to recognize and acknowledge the legitimate date, that it took two years for folks in Texas to know they had been freed, and to recognize there had been an injustice, Whitt said.

Ateko Adejo takes a water break

Ateko Adejo takes a water break during a tour of the African American Heritage Trail on Saturday in Columbia. “What we’ve found is that it’s been a real history lesson for all of us in Columbia,” James Whitt, tour guide Annelle Whitt’s husband, said.

The historical context in which Juneteenth is celebrated was ever-present throughout the day. Stephen Graves, the director of undergraduate studies for the MU Department of Black Studies, said there is still a lot of progress that needs to be made. In an address to the people at Douglass Park, he made note of the struggle against police brutality that has been protested for decades. There was still work to be done in terms of racial equality, Graves said.

“I don’t want to knock the importance of the jubilee and the celebration — it is good,” Graves said in an interview. “But it should come with the remembrance of the price that was paid for this party, the price that was made for us to celebrate.”

“We got to have something worth celebrating,” he continued.

Columbia citizens dance to the Cupid Shuffle

Columbia residents dance to the Cupid Shuffle on Saturday at a Juneteenth block party at Douglass Park. The block party made sure to incorporate culturally related music, discussions and information to help further educate citizens in attendance.

Graves wasn’t alone in feeling that progress is still needed. Whitt said in addition to the federal recognition of Juneteenth as a holiday, there still needs to be large-scale changes throughout many aspects of life in the U.S., including voting rights and the call for a living wage.

“I’m happy that it’s a federal holiday, but it’s not going to mean anything if we don’t make systemic changes in this country,” Whitt said. “It recognizes more of an adjustment, but it’s not going to mean anything if we don’t deal with the systemic issues in our country.”

Stephen Graves speaks on stage

Stephen Graves speaks on the stage Saturday at Douglass Park. “It’s important to realize that nobody is free unless everybody’s free,” Graves said.

Many people from the Columbia area laughed and chatted throughout the day at Douglass Park. People celebrated the first federally recognized Juneteenth holiday with music, dancing, food and a variety of activities and games.

“This is just a wonderful day today,” Whitt said. “To look out and see ... folks of all rainbows and that we were trying to learn about each other, and I didn’t feel like I had to censor what I said or how I said it, and knowing that everybody knew I was coming from a place of love — that’s rare that that happens to me as a Black woman.”

“It just warmed my heart today,” she continued. “I think we’re gonna be alright as a country. I really do.”

Quinton Brown finds a quiet place to read

Quinton Brown finds a quiet place to read during the block party Saturday at Douglass Park in Columbia. Brown was reading “The Cooking Gene: A Journey Through African American Culinary History in the Old South” by Michael Twitty.

  • Sports reporter. Reach me at, or in the newsroom at 882-5700.

  • Assistant city editor, grad student studying investigative reporting and photojournalism. You can reach me at or in the newsroom at 882-5700.

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