Jim Lehrer, the retired PBS anchor and a graduate of the MU School of Journalism, died Thursday at his home in Washington.
PBS announced his death on social media Thursday afternoon.
“With heavy hearts we report the death of PBS NewsHour co-founder Jim Lehrer at age 85. A giant in journalism, his tenacity and dedication to simply delivering the news remain the core of our work,” read a post on the PBS Twitter account.
Lehrer was inducted into the Mizzou 2019 Hall of Fame class alongside Susan G. Komen and Andy Bryant on Oct. 11. Lehrer graduated from the School of Journalism in 1956 and went on as a broadcast journalist to cover big events such as the Watergate scandal and John F. Kennedy’s assassination.
He worked for public television for 36 years and was best known for working for two decades with colleague Robert MacNeil.
Missouri School of Journalism Dean David Kurpius called Lehrer "the gold standard of journalism."
“The passing of Jim Lehrer is truly a somber time for the Missouri School of Journalism,” he said.
Kurpius recalled visiting with Lehrer when he was on campus last fall for his Hall of Fame recognition. At a dinner they discussed everything from world events to Lehrer recalling all the bus stops on a route he was the ticket taker on. "There was a fun side to Jim," said Kurpius, who counted him as a friend as well as a journalist to be admired.
KBIA aired an interview with Lehrer at that time.
Lehrer died “peacefully in his sleep,” according to PBS. He had suffered a heart attack in 1983 and more recently had undergone heart valve surgery in April 2008.
For Lehrer, and for his friend and longtime partner Robert MacNeil, broadcast journalism was a service with a primary goal of public understanding of events and issues. Lehrer was also a frequent moderator of presidential debates.
“We both believed the American people were not as stupid as some of the folks publishing and programming for them believed,” Lehrer wrote in his 1992 memoir, “A Bus of My Own.”
“We were convinced they cared about the significant matters of human events. ... And we were certain they could and would hang in there more than 35 seconds for information about those subjects if given a chance,” he wrote.
According to an Associated Press report, the half-hour “Robert MacNeil Report” began on PBS in 1975 with Lehrer as a Washington correspondent. The two had already made names for themselves at the then-fledgling network through their work with the National Public Affairs Center for Television and its coverage of the Watergate hearings in 1973.
The nightly news broadcast, later retitled the “MacNeil-Lehrer Report,” became the nation’s first one-hour TV news broadcast in 1983 and was then known as the “MacNeil-Lehrer NewsHour.” After MacNeil bowed out in 1995, it became “The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer.”
“I’m heartbroken at the loss of someone who was central to my professional life, a mentor to me and someone whose friendship I’ve cherished for decades,” said Judy Woodruff, anchor and managing editor of “PBS NewsHour,” in a statement.
"The thing people should keep in mind, if you’re younger than 50-55, is that Lehrer gave us an alternative news source when we really only had three other options — ABC, NBC and CBS,” said Stacey Woelfel, an MU broadcast journalism professor. “He was, to the end, optimistic about journalism.”
Politics, international relations, economics, science, even developments in the arts were all given lengthy, detailed coverage in their show.
“When we expanded to the hour, it changed from being a supplement to an alternative,” Lehrer said in 1990. “Now we take the position that if you’re looking for a place to go every 24 hours and find out what’s happened and get some in-depth treatment, we’re the place.”
Those ideals of seriousness and significance made Lehrer a role model for students in the Missouri School of Journalism, according to MU professor emeritus Kent Collins — especially for those seeking to cover difficult national news.
MU professor emeritus for journalism Roger Gafke said he admired how Lehrer was “not given to theatrics” in his journalism, and how that quality could inspire others, including aspiring journalists.
“Since he was so blunt of a human, folks might have said, gee, maybe I could do that,” Gafke said.
Lehrer moderated his first presidential debate in 1988 and was a frequent consensus choice for the task in subsequent presidential contests.
“Anybody who would say it’s just another TV show is a liar or a fool,” he once said. “I know how important it is, but it’s not about me. It’s what the candidates say that matters.”
He also anchored PBS coverage of inaugurations and conventions, dismissing criticism from other TV news organizations that the latter had become too scripted to yield much in the way of real news.
“I think when the major political parties of this country gather together their people and resources in one place to nominate their candidates, that’s important,” he told The Associated Press in 2000. “To me, it’s a non-argument. I don’t see why someone would argue that it wasn’t important.”
Naturally, Lehrer came in for some knocks for being so low-key in the big televised events. After a matchup between George W. Bush and Al Gore in 2000, David Letterman cracked, “Last night was probably the first and only that time Jim Lehrer (was) the most exciting person in the room.”
But the real-life Lehrer — who had a tradition of buying a new tie for good luck before each debate — was more colorful than he might have seemed on PBS.
On the side, he was also a novelist and sometime-playwright whose debut novel, “Viva Max!,” was made into a movie starring Peter Ustinov. He did a whole series of novels about the adventures of an Oklahoma politician known as The One-Eyed Mack.
He also penned “No Certain Rest,” a story focusing on archaeologists at the site of the Battle of Antietam — nearby where Lehrer lived in Maryland for years. His proximity to the location of the single bloodiest day in U.S. military history “influenced his work as a journalist covering serious national news,” according to Collins.
Lehrer, who had a longtime friendship with Pulitzer Prize-winning Mississippi writer Eudora Welty until her death, cited his work as a novelist as an outpouring of stories born from reporting.
“Hemingway said this, too: If you paid attention as a reporter, then when the time came to write fiction, you’d have something to write about,” Lehrer told The Associated Press in 1991. “And it turned out I did. And I’ve got all these stories stored up after 30 years in the news business. And they’re just flowing out of me.”
As Lehrer turned 75 in spring 2009, PBS announced the show would be retitled as “PBS NewsHour” later in the year, with Lehrer pairing up on anchor duties with other show regulars.
He said he approved of the changes, telling The New York Times that having a pair of anchors would “shake things up a bit,” even as all sectors of the news business struggled to meet changing reader and viewer demands.
Lehrer was born in Wichita, Kansas, in 1934, the son of parents who ran a bus line. In addition to titling his memoir “A Bus of My Own,” he collected bus memorabilia — from station signs to a real 1946 Flxible Clipper bus.
He graduated from the MU School of Journalism in 1956 and was a proud alumnus. Gafke, a professor emeritus, noted Lehrer’s consistent admiration for the school.
“He was a tremendous journalist, and very loyal to the school of journalism,” said Brian Brooks, professor emeritus for journalism.
“I’ve had 60 years of practicing what I learned at Missouri,” Lehrer said in his acceptance speech for the Mizzou Alumni Association’s Hall of Fame.
Woelfel described seeing Lehrer encourage students to keep entering the field of journalism and said Lehrer would tell them the journalism industry needed them.
“He was proud of the institution (MU) and we were proud of him,” Woelfel said.
The MU School of Journalism acknowledged Lehrer’s death on social media Thursday.
After graduation, he served three years in the Marines — and later called the experience so valuable he thought all young people should take part in national service.
“I had no close calls, no rendezvous with danger, no skirted destinies with death,” he wrote. “What I had was a chance to discover and test myself, physically and emotionally and spiritually, in important, lasting ways.”
He went to work from 1959 to 1970 at The Dallas Morning News and the now-defunct Dallas Times-Herald. Lehrer jumped to television on a Dallas nightly newscast.
Lehrer wrote that it was ironic that the Watergate hearings helped establish the importance of public TV because President Richard Nixon hated public broadcasting. He also recalled that the lengthy hearings gave him the chance to practice his new craft, and MacNeil, already a veteran, gave him valuable pointers on how to speak on camera clearly and conversationally.
He is survived by his wife, Kate; three daughters, Jamie, Lucy and Amanda; and six grandchildren.
Jessica Blake and Galen Bacharier contributed to this report.