A text message program in the pilot stage is underway in mid-Missouri in hopes of reducing the number of failures to appear in court, arrest warrants and technical violations.
The State of Missouri Public Defenders Office has paired with a company called Uptrust to start the pilot program in five Missouri jurisdictions: Columbia, St. Louis, Jefferson City, Troy and Kennett.
Uptrust is a communication platform that focuses on social justice. The goal is citizens’ defense, said Michael Barrett, Missouri State Public Defender director.
“It will help ensure that (people) are not unnecessarily incarcerated on only a criminal charge,” Barrett said. “This helps them avoid losing a job and housing as a result of that incarceration.”
Here’s how the text program works: Each public defender client in the pilot program will get text reminders for court dates and other important legal appointments. The intent is to help people avoid missing important court hearings due to being busy.
Jacob Sills, co-founder and CEO of Uptrust, said the company has helped a number of public defenders offices decrease their failure-to-appear rate to around an average of 50%.
“One of the reasons why I think we have been really successful is we have chosen to work, generally speaking, with public defenders offices,” Sills said. “And in a lot of jurisdictions, a lot of the people going through the criminal justice system don’t have much money, and they utilize the service of either a public defender or assigned council.”
Barrett said the program also helps the rest of the community because it reduces costs and fees. The goal is for police to issue fewer warrants by reminding defendants through text messages that they are scheduled to appear in court.
“We’re hoping to decrease the reliance on pre-trial incarceration by encouraging judges to lower bond amounts now that we have this tool to help ensure defendants show up for court,” Barrett said.
Sarah Aplin, district defender of the Columbia Trial Office, said people who fail to appear in court get a warrant that’s not necessarily based on any new allegations.
“So often failures to appear in court are not intentional, they’re not a person trying avoid coming to court. It’s just that they either didn’t get notice or they’ve got a whole lot of other things going on in life just like most of the rest of us do,” Aplin said.
If someone doesn’t come to court and is served with a warrant, that person has to wait in jail until they can come to court and explain the confusion to the judge.
“Potentially the judge doesn’t understand or thinks that it was intentional and then the person has to stay in jail really over a misunderstanding and over missing a court date, which could happen to anyone,” Aplin said.
Aplin added she hopes this not only helps the community but also the police department.
“I hope one of the benefits will be that they’re not making arrests over a misunderstanding, over someone forgetting about a court date, and they can focus on more serious offenses,” Aplin said.
Sills said he is excited to be working with Columbia to implement this program in public defenders offices.
“We’re just really excited to be working in the community and in Missouri overall,” Sills said. “It’s a state that has had some struggles with pre-trial attention and trying to lower incarceration rates but seems to be really making a lot of effort to improve those, and we’re hopeful that we can be a tool that helps the county and state to keep its goals of lowering the number of people in jail that don’t need to be there.”
This program costs around $37,000 and is being funded through an award from the Missouri Bar Foundation.