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Screams for everyone: Accessible Halloween attractions are no guarantee

  • 5 min to read
Ashley Monroe applies face paint to Allen Fisher before his performance

Ashley Monroe applies face paint to Allen Fisher before his performance Saturday at FearFest Haunted House in Columbia. Fisher has Stage 4 liver cirrhosis and drove from Des Moines, Iowa, with his wife and four children to fulfill his bucket list item of performing in a haunted house.

Allen Fisher found out he had severe liver failure less than one year ago. He was initially misdiagnosed after a grand mal seizure in early 2019, and by the time he learned he had liver cirrhosis, his condition had progressed to Stage 4.

Last year he did not think he was going to live past his favorite holiday — Halloween.

This past weekend, Fisher, his wife and four of his six children attended FearFest with complimentary VIP passes and performed alongside the cast in the Saturday night show.

Following his diagnosis, Fisher, his wife Jessica and their children decided to complete items on his bucket list and have been documenting their journey on TikTok. He is on bedrest 90% of the time and uses a wheelchair while out, making it difficult to participate in traditional Halloween activities.

In his hometown of Des Moines, Iowa, he couldn't attend a haunted house he had been to before.

“They’re not very accessible at all,” he said. “I might fall and they would think I’m part of the show.”

Dana Green, a manager at FearFest in Columbia, saw one of Jessica Fisher's TikToks and decided to see if they wanted to attend FearFest, a more accessible "haunt."

“Even in the act, they’ve known me by name the entire time I’ve been here,” Fisher said, adding that FearFest employees have also helped him manage his wheelchair.

FearFest is the only accessible haunted house they know of, said Jessica Fisher, with ramps, alternative paths and assistance when needed.

“In Iowa, a good majority of them (you) have to get down on the ground and crawl, and there's just absolutely no way for anybody that's handicapped or has any type of sensory issues,” she said.

Allen Fisher is one of the 61 million American adults who have a disability that impacts major life activities, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Some temporary structures in Halloween events do not have the same requirements that permanent structures do under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). For permanent structures and businesses, the ADA has strict laws whereas temporary structures and events are only subject to following the core of the ADA: no blatant discrimination to an individual based on their disability status.

Allen Fisher, left, and Jessica Fisher pose for a video for their TikTok

Allen Fisher, left, and Jessica Fisher pose for a TikTok video Saturday at FearFest Haunted House in Columbia. After finding out that Allen Fisher had been diagnosed with Stage 4 liver cirrhosis, the two decided to fulfill the items on Allen’s bucket list and document it on TikTok. The haunted house features ramps, alternative paths and assistance when needed so attendees with disabilities can participate.

The nature of some Halloween events can present accessibility challenges, but FearFest has taken extra steps to make their haunt experience as accessible as possible.

“Our attraction is fully wheelchair accessible,” said Ryan McClintic, operations manager at FearFest. “We have ramps built at two of our locations that have any type of stairs, and any place that we have alternate stairs, where we don't have ramps, we have cut-throughs to take them around.”

FearFest has four main attractions: Hawthorn State Asylum, Terror in the Woods, Necropolis Haunted House and The Mortuary.

Jessica Fisher, left, and Allen Fisher perform inside The FearFest Haunted house

Jessica Fisher, left, and Allen Fisher perform inside FearFest Haunted House on Saturday in Columbia. “We celebrate Halloween like it’s Christmas in this house,” Allen Fisher said.

First-year actor Halim Mavrakis performs in the Hawthorn State Asylum in his wheelchair.

“My character's name is Wheels,” Mavrakis said. “An asylum patient who the doctor tried to cure by putting in the electric chair.”

Mavrakis has Charcot-Marie-Tooth disorder, which affects the nerves in the arms and legs and can create issues with mobility.

“When I was born all the way 'til 23 years old, I had minor side effects. Whenever I turned 24, a lot of the symptoms got progressively worse,” he said.

The silhouette of a mannequin outside of the actors dressing room

The silhouette of a mannequin stands outside of the actors' dressing room Saturday at FearFest Haunted House in Columbia. FearFest has been operating for 19 years in Columbia.

As his symptoms progressed, Mavrakis began using a wheelchair. 

“Whenever I first had to get the wheelchair, I did not go out for a while, most of the time because people were used to seeing me walking,” Mavrakis said. “But my friend kept telling me to come out here and do this with him, and it’s mostly got me out of my shell.”

Performing Thursday through Saturday each weekend in October, Mavrakis has scared thousands of attendees.

“I’m a lot more comfortable. I’ve been able to be a lot more expressive as well as a whole bunch of other stuff so this has actually been a very big help for me.”

FearFest Operations Manager Ryan McClintic stands inside the Necropolis Haunted House

FearFest Operations Manager Ryan McClintic stands inside the Necropolis Haunted House on Saturday at FearFest Haunted House in Columbia. McClintic has worked with FearFest in Columbia for 15 years and builds customized wheelchairs when he is not designing haunted houses.

What does the law say?

For able-bodied individuals with no mental impairments, waking up and deciding to go to a corn maze, a haunted house or another Halloween activity is a relatively mundane task. For some people with disabilities, it isn’t that simple. They often have to consider the level of physical accessibility and other factors at the event to determine if they can safely and equally participate.

According to A Planning Guide for Making Temporary Events Accessible to People with Disabilities, a document written with guidance from the ADA, many people with disabilities will assume that temporary events will not be accessible.

At some point in their lifetime, 70% of all Americans will experience a temporary or permanent disability, according to the planning guide.

In 1990, the ADA was created to provide people with disabilities a chance to experience equality in daily life by designing laws to regulate all activities in the U.S. The ADA prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in public accommodations and authorizes the U.S. Department of Justice to enforce the violations.

Light illuminates the hand of a mannequin holding a knife inside The Necropolis

Light illuminates the hand of a mannequin holding a knife inside Necropolis Haunted House on Saturday at FearFest Haunted House in Columbia. FearFest features four different attractions including an asylum, the Necropolis, a mortuary and a haunted woods with clowns.

According to the ADA, someone is considered to have a disability if they have “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; a record of such impairment; or being regarded as having such an impairment.”

For temporary events such as many Halloween events, the ADA acts as an extension of coverage. “The ADA covers state and local governments and what they call public accommodations, which are basically businesses and that doesn't stop with temporary events,” said Troy Balthazor with the Great Plains ADA Center. While temporary events have less direct regulation if a complaint or violation of an individual's disability rights were to occur, the state and local government would be expected to take action.

It is crucial for an event to demonstrate a “good faith effort” to comply with the ADA; there needs to be intentionality with considering accessibility.

Once an event is established and promoted, it is up to the local code officials to determine compliance. But unlike new construction of a permanent location or add-on construction to a current location, code officials are not required by law to check every temporary event.

Halim Mavrakis receives the final touches of his face paint and plastic cockroaches before his performance inside the asylum

Halim Mavrakis receives the final touches of his face paint and plastic cockroaches before his performance at the asylum Saturday at FearFest Haunted House in Columbia. “Most of the time they think that I’m a mannequin, so I’ll do quick jumps to look at them, and then they’re like ‘oh did he move? Did he not?’ And then I’ll jump again, and then they’ll usually bolt,” Mavrakis said.

"You may have local code officials who would cover temporary events. But in general, there's no inspection or standardized inspection process set up to review these things,” Balthazor said.

In August 1998, the state of Missouri created the Missouri Commission on Human Rights. The function of the commission is to eliminate and prevent discrimination by helping to enforce the ADA. If a violation of the ADA were to be found in Missouri, it would be handled and hopefully settled by the commission before being sent to the U.S. Department of Justice.

According to Columbia ADA Coordinator Adam Kruse, it’s not always just about the legality of disability accessibility, but also about disability etiquette. “It’s accessibility and inclusiveness which includes words, actions and breaking down stereotypes of people with disabilities, it’s different than necessarily Civil Rights,” Kruse said. Using proper disability etiquette and being intentional with event planning and hosting is just as important to preventing discrimination as is having accessible routes at a venue.

Kruse explained that there are two important yet distinct categories of accessibility. The first is facility access, which essentially means the facility can be equally accessed by both disabled and non-disabled visitors. The second is access to services, programs and activities, which comes down to both disabled and non-disabled people having an equal experience and equal opportunity to participate.

Halim Mavrakis jumps out at Vincent Gabriele, 14, who stands in front of James Fisher, 17, inside the asylum

Halim Mavrakis jumps out at Vincent Gabriele, 14, who stands in front of James Fisher, 17, inside the asylum Saturday at FearFest Haunted House in Columbia. “Whenever they run the corner, they’re not expecting to see another person,” Mavrakis said. “So, it’s rather that they’ll jump whenever they see me, or they’ll jump because I’ll say something to them.” This is Mavrakis’ first year performing at the haunted house.

“I would say for a full experience in a haunted house, you should be able to get through that thing, and be able to experience what everybody else experiences,” Balthazor said. “If they can alter or provide a similar experience for somebody that's perfectly legitimate as long as it is equal access.” When a business or event fails to provide this alternation or similar experience, that's when they can potentially find themselves in trouble for violation of the ADA.

FearFest has proved it is possible for a temporary event to be both fun and accessible for people like Fisher and non-disabled people.

“Ultimately, we want all events in our community to be inclusive and accessible,” Kruse said. “That should be the goal.”

  • Reporter, Summer 2021 Studying cross platform journalism Reach me at, or in the newsroom at (573) 882 5720

  • Social Justice and Business Reporter studying Print and Digital News Reporting. Reach me at: or (502) 930-5069 or on Twitter @oliviamevans_

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