JEFFERSON CITY— While the first day of Missouri's 2016 legislative session is over a month away, more than 200 bills covering topics from education reform to increased oversight for law enforcement officers were pre-filed Tuesday in the House.

The Missouri Constitution allows lawmakers to begin filing bills on Dec. 1, but legislation is not considered officially filed until they are read into the journal on the legislative session's first day, which will be Jan. 6. 

Several constitutional amendments also were filed Tuesday which, if passed by both the House and Senate, would be placed on the statewide ballot either next August or November.

This year, there are 116 Republicans and 43 Democrats in the House. There is one Independent representative.

These numbers are most significant for any potential vetoes Gov. Jay Nixon might make in the future as only 109 votes are necessary for an override. 

Full texts for many of the bills listed were not available immediately. But here are some of the bills that could have a statewide impact:

Public Health

HB 1370: Would amend the law regarding consent for a minor to obtain abortion services.

HB 1387: Would add severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) to the newborn screening requirements.

HB 1392: Would require the Department of Health and Senior Services to survey every hospice at least every three years.

HB 1428: Would expand the definition of "service dog" to include animals providing therapeutic functions for individuals with psychiatric or mental disabilities.

HB 1510: Would require labels for food sold in Missouri that contains genetically modified products. 

HB 1537: Would create the Missouri Universal Health Assurance Program, a publicly financed statewide insurance program for all residents.

Education

HB 1368: Would create a committee to examine schools for the severely disabled.

HB 1383: Would expand the A+ Schools Program to graduates of any high school meeting the program requirements.

HB 1384: Would allow school districts to discipline students for cyberbullying that occurs off school grounds.

HB 1416: Would prohibit school districts from choosing an opening date for the school term that is earlier than Sept. 1.

HB 1419: Would amend the laws regarding gifted education.

HB 1427: Would require Missouri school districts to post certain financial information on the district's website for free public access.

HB 1430: Would require continued education training for school board members; members serving districts with provisional accreditation would receive additional training.

HB 1451: Would change provisions dealing with charter schools. 

HB 1498: Would establish a grant program for community schools in St. Louis City, St. Louis County, Jackson County and Kansas City.

Corrections

HB 1372: Would require that a hotline report of a child abuse or neglect be referred to the local prosecuting attorney's office if the report is deemed unsubstantiated by the Children's Division.

HB 1377: Would make the sending, reading or writing of a text message while operating a motor vehicle illegal.

HB 1402: Would abolish the death penalty. Any person sentenced to death before Aug. 28, 2016, would be sentenced to life imprisonment without parole. 

HB 1408: Would create a "Law Enforcement Technology Advancement Fund."

HB 1441: Would call for the Division of Drug and Crime Control to work with the Crime Laboratory Division to create a program that would work to identify new synthetic drugs.

HB 1457: Would create the Quality Policing Act to define reporting and conduct guidelines for law enforcement agencies.

HB 1481: Would create the Community Relations Training Program for law enforcement officers. 

HB 1489: Would create the "Joint Committee on Police Practices."

HB 1491: Would create a program on police officer presence in schools and communities.

HB 1492: Would create a review board of officer-involved deaths.

HB 1502: Would change rules for when law enforcement officers could use deadly force and would create a task force on the use of force. 

HB 1504: Would create a "Task Force on Civilian Review Boards" in the Department of Public Safety.

HB 1516: Would require uniformed law enforcement officers to wear a video camera while on duty. 

HB 1520: Would redefine rules for law enforcement officers related to racial profiling, searches and seizures and traffic stops.

HB 1521: Would require a law enforcement officer to obtain written consent before conducting a vehicle search.

HB 1522: Would require the Department of Public Safety to create a law enforcement identification numbering system to track complaints against officers. This system would track officers when they switch agencies. 

Natural resources

HB 1375: Would require the Department of Natural Resources to evaluate any changes to the water quality standards.

HB 1411: Would allow facilities inspected by the USDA or Department of Agriculture to slaughter and process captive cervids for human consumption.

HB 1412: Would give the Department of Agriculture the authority to regulate agricultural deer.

HB 1414: Would make data collected by state agencies under the federal Animal Disease Traceability Program exempt from disclosure under Missouri's Sunshine Law.

Commerce

HB 1376: Would redefine "small employer" in relation to the Affordable Care Act to include businesses who employ up to 100 employees.

HB 1381: Would increase the motor fuel tax from 17 cents per gallon to 19 cents per gallon.

HB 1389: Would allow certain businesses to retain withholding taxes as part of the Manufacturing Infrastructure Investment Act.

HB 1397: Would create guidelines a person must follow to purchase a firearm in the state of Missouri.

HB 1407: Would prohibit an employee's membership in a labor organization from being a condition for employment or continuation of employment.

HB 1422: Would prohibit requiring a state employee working 10-hour days and 40 hours per week to take two hours of vacation leave for paid holidays.

HB 1432: Would require a hearing be held within 30 days if a state employee is placed on administrative leave. 

HB 1435: Would change current rules regarding sales tax refund claims.

HB 1443: Would change rules relating to local government employees' retirement system.

HB 1452: Would change the filing deadline for personal financial disclosure reports from May 10 annually to Jan. 15 and July 15 biannually. 

HB 1459: Would prohibit employers from looking into criminal records of applicants before offering conditional employment. 

HB 1517: Would increase the state minimum wage to $10.25 an hour. 

Legislation

HB 1395: Would alter lobbying laws.

HB 1426: Would change provisions related to eminent domain.

HB 1480: Would allow voting machines to process absentee ballots. 

House joint resolutions

HJR 54: Would authorize $50 million in bonds to subsidize veteran homes. 

HJR 57: Would legalize the use of marijuana for people 21 years of age or older. 

HJR 59: Would specify when and the amount that a school district in a first classification charter county can become indebted.

Supervising editor is Gary Castor.

  • Reporter for the Jefferson City News Tribune and the Columbia Missourian. Studying Print and Digital Journalism with an emphasis on international reporting.

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